Polling-External-Climate

1. Polling Related to Climate DisruptionBE65-CD1-ClimaeDisruption

Of the Americans polled:

  • 74% of the 18-29 year olds believe the government should limit the release of greenhouse gases from power plants[1]
  • 67% support setting strict emission limits on coal-fired power plants to reduce emissions significantly by 2030[2]
  • 73-80% personally worry about climate change or believe climate change is a threat[3]
  • 68% believe the average temperatures have risen over the past few decades[4]
  • 78% believe the world’s temperature has probably been rising over the past 100 years and 80% believe it will be serious for the United States if nothing is done to reduce global warming[5]
  • 74% believe that as a result of Hurricane Sandy Congress and the President should address climate change more urgently even if it means enacting regulations that could raise the cost of electricity and other energy[6]
  • 70-74% of Americans polled believe the federal government should regulate the release of greenhouse gases in an effort to reduce global warming[7]
  • 88% believe global warming is been happening and 92% want the federal government to limit the amount of greenhouse gases[8] 

2. Other Facts Related to Climate Disruption

  • Every national academy of science in the world has concluded that (1) The average global surface temperature has increased more in the last 250 years than the previous 650,000 years (2) The primary cause is the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere by human activities, and (3) Dramatic dangerous effects are projected due to the continued emissions of greenhouse gases.[9]
  • Historically, the United States is by far the greatest emitter of human-related greenhouse gases[10]
  • 192 of the world’s 195 nations agreed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions—the United States was one of only three that refused to agree—and the only major country in the world.[11]
  • The U.S. Supreme Court, every major agency of the federal government, as well as the nation’s largest coal, oil, car and electricity companies, among others, have all said climate change is real, serious, and/or the U.S. needs to act.[12]

(rev 10/1/14)

[1] 74% of the 18-29 year olds believe the government should limit the releases of greenhouse gases from power plants.   Quinnipiac University. June 24-30, 2014. http://www.pollingreport.com/enviro.htm

[2] 67% support setting strict emission limits on coal-fired power plants to reduce emissions significantly by 2030 . NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by Hart Research Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R). June 11-15, 2014. http://www.pollingreport.com/enviro.htm

[3] 73% believe climate change is a threat. Bloomberg National Poll conducted by Selzer & Company. June 6-9, 2014. http://www.pollingreport.com/enviro.htm  80% of Americans polled personally worry about climate change. Gallup Poll. March 7-10, 2013. http://www.pollingreport.com/enviro.htm

[4] 68% of Americans polled believe the average temperatures have risen over the past few decades. Pew Research Center. March 13-17, 2013. http://www.pollingreport.com/enviro.htm

[5] 78% of Americans polled believe the world’s temperature has probably been rising over the past 100 years and  80% believe it will be serious for the United States if nothing is done to reduce global warming (Dec 2012). AP-GFK Poll conducted by GFK Roper Public Affairs & Corporate Communications. Nov. 29-Dec. 3, 2012. http://www.pollingreport.com/enviro.htm

[6] 74% of Americans polled believe that as a result of Hurricane Sandy Congress and the President should address climate change more urgently even if it means enacting regulations that could raise the cost of electricity and other energy. United Technologies/National Journal Congressional Connection Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. Nov. 8-11, 2012. http://www.pollingreport.com/enviro.htm

[7] 70-74% of Americans polled believe the federal government should regulate the release of greenhouse gases in an effort to reduce global warming. 70%: ABC News/Washington Post Poll. May 29-June 1, 2014. http://www.pollingreport.com/enviro.htm  74% Washington Post/Kaiser Family Foundation Poll. July 25-Aug. 5, 2012. http://www.pollingreport.com/budget5.htm

[8] 88% of Americans polled believe global warming is been happening and 92% want the federal government to limit the amount of greenhouse gases Global Warming Poll, Stanford University, June 1-7, 2010. http://woods.stanford.edu/docs/surveys/Global-Warming-Survey-Selected-Results-June2010.pdf
The Climate Majority http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/09/opinion/09krosnick.html?_r=1&pagewanted=print 

[9] Leading Climate Change Studies
Global  http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_and_data_reports.shtml#.UPTDQCermpA
United States www.globalchange.gov/what-we-do/assessment  http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/

[10] Historically, the United States is by far the greatest emitter of greenhouse gases http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/science/indicators/ghg/us-ghg-emissions.html
http://www.carbonbrief.org/blog/2014/01/uk-tops-list-of-world%E2%80%99s-biggest-greenhouse-gas-emitters/
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/1/014010
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/1/014010/pdf/1748-9326_9_1_014010.pdf

[11] United States only major country to refuse to agree to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
http://unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol/status_of_ratification/items/2613.php 

[12] Key affected parties having reviewed key scientific reports and publicly stating in writing that (a) climate change is real and/or (b) climate change is serious and/or (c) the U.S. needs to quickly reduce greenhouse gas emissions: 

a. The three largest American coal companies
http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/acr/table10.html 

Peabody Energy Corporation
We continue to support . . . initiatives seeking to reduce global atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide and other emissions. Corporate statement filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Form 10-K for the year ending December 21, 2011 dated February 27, 2012  http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=129849&p=irol-sec&seccat01.2_rs=1&seccat01.2_rc=10 Last verified 7/6/13.

Rio Tinto
Rio Tinto recognises that climate change is occurring and is largely caused by human activities. It poses significant risks for, and in many cases is already affecting, a broad range of human and natural systems. There is a need for large reductions in global greenhouse gas emissions to reduce the extent of future climate change and avoid the most severe of the risks. August 2012. http://www.riotinto.com/documents/ReportsPublications/corpPub_ClimatePosition.pdf Last verified 7/6/13.

Rio Tinto is also a member of the United States Climate Action Partnership (USCAP) which is a group of businesses and leading environmental organizations that have come together to call on the federal government to quickly enact strong national legislation to require significant reductions of greenhouse gas emissions. Last verified 7/21/13.

Arch Coal Inc
Arch advocates an aggressive timeline for technology research and development that will reduce greenhouse gases from man-made sources, including the use of coal. http://www.archcoal.com/environment/getthefacts.aspx  Last verified 7/6/13.

b. The three largest American oil companies
Nine of the World’s Largest Oil Companies – Including Americas Three Largest (2010)
http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune500/

ExxonMobil
“Rising greenhouse gas emissions pose significant risks to society and ecosystems.” http://www.exxonmobil.com/Corporate/safety_climate.aspx  Last verified 7/6/13.
“In a speech on Wednesday [June 27, 2012], [ExxonMobil Chief Executive Rex] Tillerson acknowledged that burning of fossil fuels is warming the planet . . .”Associated Press, The Guardian, June 28, 2012  http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2012/jun/28/exxonmobil-climate-change-rex-tillerson  Last verified 7/6/13.

Chevron
“At Chevron, we recognize and share the concerns of governments and the public about climate change. The use of fossil fuels to meet the world’s energy needs is a contributor to an increase in greenhouse gases (GHGs)—mainly carbon dioxide
(CO2) and methane—in the Earth’s atmosphere. There is a widespread view that this increase is leading to climate change, with adverse effects on the environment.” (Note: highlighted text later removed from website)  http://www.chevron.com/globalissues/climatechange/ Last verified 7/6/13.

ConocoPhillips
“We recognize that human activity, including the burning of fossil fuels, is contributing to increased concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere that can lead to adverse changes in global climate. http://www.conocophillips.com/sustainable-development/environment/climate-change/Pages/default.aspx Last verified 7/6/13.  (Some earlier website text) “ConocoPhillips is fully committed to the prompt enactment of national climate change legislation in the United States. We urge Congress to develop and enact legislation to address the growth of greenhouse gas emissions . . .”
http://www.conocophillips.com/EN/susdev/policies/climate_change_position/Pages/index.aspx Last verified 7/6/13.

British Petroleum (BP)
http://www.bp.com/centres/press/stanford/index.asp

Chevron Texaco
http://www.chevrontexaco.com/social_responsibility/environment/global_climate.asp

ExxonMobil (UK)
http://www.exxonmobil.co.uk/UK-English/Newsroom/UK_NR_VP_Viewpoint_Environment.asp 

Royal Dutch Shell
http://www.shell.com/home/Framework?siteId=shellreport2002-en&FC1=&FC2=%2FLeftHandNav%3FLeftNavState%3D7&FC3=%2Fshellreport2002-en%2Fhtml%2Fiwgen%2Fcase_studies%2Fcs_progress_on_climate_change.html&FC4=&FC5

Shell Canada
http://www.shell.ca/code/values/climate/climate_asop.html

Sunoco
http://www.suncor.com/bins/content_page.asp?cid=4-18-368

c. The three largest American car companies

Ford Motor Company
“We see climate change as a business issue as well as an environmental issue and we’re accelerating our efforts to find solutions. . . recognizes the importance of precautionary, prudent and early actions to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere. . .” http://media.ford.com/article_display.cfm?article_id=22233 Last verified 7/6/13.

General Motors
Let’s be frank about climate change by Mike Robinson, vice president, Environment, Energy and Safety Policy “. . to engage people in a frank discussion about climate change – something you probably wouldn’t expect us to do.  But like we continuously ask of you, we’re joining the conversation to help raise awareness on this important issue, and more importantly, what we’re doing to be part of the solution.  Quite frankly, this is an issue that affects all of us, and our company as well as our industry has a responsibility to lead – we think we’re up to the challenge. We’re addressing climate change on many fronts, especially as it relates to vehicle and engine technology. . . http://www.gm.com/corporate/responsibility/environment/news/2009/101509_blog.jsp This posting by GM appears to have been removed when last checked on 7/6/13.

Chrysler
Chrysler is a member of the United States Climate Action Partnership (USCAP) which is a group of businesses and leading environmental organizations that have come together to call on the federal government to quickly enact strong national legislation to require significant reductions of greenhouse gas emissions. http://www.us-cap.org/  Last verified 7/21/13. 

d. The Three Largest American Electrical Utilities (and primary users of coal)

Southern Company
“Climate change is a challenging issue .. .  Leadership on this issue requires developing and deploying technologies that reduce greenhouse gases . .” http://www.southerncompany.com/corporate-responsibility/energy-innovation/climateChange.aspx Last verified 7/21/13.  “ . . .we support climate change framework that calls for an 80 percent reduction of carbon emissions from current levels by 2050 . . “. http://www.southerncompany.com/corporateresponsibility/environment/climateChange.aspx This citation no longer appears to be on the website when checked on 7/21/13.

AES
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions—one of today’s most significant challenges—require concerted international innovation and cooperation. AES’s response: committing capital and operating experience to projects that will help reduce GHG emissions and create emissions offset credits. http://www.aes.com/aes/index?page=climate_change This citation no longer appears to be on the website when checked on 7/21/13. AES is also a member of the United States Climate Action Partnership (USCAP) which is a group of businesses and leading environmental organizations that have come together to call on the federal government to quickly enact strong national legislation to require significant reductions of greenhouse gas emissions. http://www.us-cap.org/   Last verified 7/21/13.  

Tennessee Valley Authority
“Climate change mitigation . . .TVA will stop the growth in volume of emissions and reduce the rate of carbon emissions by 2020 by supporting a full slate of reliable, affordable, lower-carbon-dioxide (CO2) energy-supply opportunities and energy efficiency. http://www.tva.gov/environment/pdf/environmental_policy.pdf Last verified 7/21/13.

The U. S. Supreme Court
U.S. Supreme Court in Massachusetts v EPA “EPA’s steadfast refusal to regulate greenhouse gas emissions presents a risk of harm to Massachusetts that is both “actual” and “imminent. . . The harms associated with climate change are serious and well recognized. Indeed, the NRC Report itself—which EPA regards as an “objective and independent assessment of the relevant science,” 68 Fed. Reg. 52930—identifies a number of environmental changes that have already inflicted significant harms, including “the global retreat of mountain glaciers, reduction in snow-cover extent, the earlier spring melting of rivers and lakes, [and]the accelerated rate of rise of sea levels during the 20th century relative to the past few thousand years (p18) . . . EPA does not dispute the existence of a causal connection between man-made greenhouse gas emissions and global warming. . . We moreover attach considerable significance to EPA’s “agree[ment] with the President that ‘we must address the issue of global climate change,’ . . The risk of catastrophic harm, though remote, is nevertheless real. http://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/06pdf/05-1120.pdf 

Every Major National Academy of Science in the World
“Since 2005, the Academies of Science for the G8+5 countries (the thirteen most developed countries in the world) have called on world leaders to limit the threat of climate change. We have advised prompt action to deal with the causes of climate change and cautioned that some climate impacts are inevitable. However, progress in reducing global greenhouse gas emission has been slow.” Academia Brasileira de Ciéncias, Brazil; Royal Society of Canada, Canada; Chinese Academy of Sciences, China; Académie des Sciences, France; Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher; Leopoldina, Germany; Indian National Science Academy, India; Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Italy; Science Council of Japan, Japan; Academia Mexicana de Ciencias, Mexico; Russian Academy; Academy of Science of South Africa, South Africa; Royal Society, United Kingdom; National Academy of Sciences, United States of America) http://www.interacademycouncil.net/ 

Every Major U.S. Federal Agency
“Climate Change Impacts on the United States, The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change, Overview: Summary. Climate Change and Our Nation”, By the National Assessment Synthesis Team, US Global Change Research Program, Published in 2000. www.usgcrp.gov/usgcrp/Library/nationalassessment/overviewsummary.htm 

Senior U.S. Military Advisors
“Global climate change presents a serious national security threat which could impact Americans at home, impact United States military operations and heighten global tensions” according to a new study released by a blue-ribbon panel of retired admirals and generals from all branches of the armed services. National Security and the Threat of Climate Change, CNA Corporation
http://securityandclimate.cna.org/ 

Senior Leading Policymakers
Policymakers related to the Democratic Party are too numerous to mention.  The following are some of those associated with the Republican Party.

President George W. Bush
“…help us to confront the serious challenge of global climate change” State of the Union 2007
http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/06/20010611-2.html June 11, 2001
http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/06/climatechange.pdf
http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/07/20010713-2.html July 13, 2001  

Vice President Dick Cheney
“I think there is an emerging consensus that we do have global warming” http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/story?id=2898539&page=1

U.S. Senator John McCain
“Climate change is real. . .I have seen it” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KQlX13tUSh8
“The debate over climate change is over” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8b61Q_znIXM

 

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